|LETTERS TO EDITOR
|Year : 2022 | Volume
| Issue : 1 | Page : 74-75
Filter syringes: Knowing the unknown
Abhijeet Shekhawat, Manbir Kaur, Priyanka Sethi, Pradeep Bhatia
Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India
|Date of Submission||11-Aug-2021|
|Date of Decision||08-Feb-2022|
|Date of Acceptance||08-Feb-2022|
|Date of Web Publication||23-Mar-2022|
Dr. Manbir Kaur
Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur - 342 005, Rajasthan
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
|How to cite this article:|
Shekhawat A, Kaur M, Sethi P, Bhatia P. Filter syringes: Knowing the unknown. Indian Anaesth Forum 2022;23:74-5
There has been a rising trend in the practice of medicine to err on the side of safety. In that context, via this article, we would like to discuss whether the practice of using specialized filter needles to aspirate drugs from breakable glass ampules should be more prevalent or not.
Many drugs are manufactured as a glass ampule due to the benefits of easy portability and high sterility standards. These glass particle contaminations (GPC) may be introduced either during manufacturing, opening, or injection. The American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP) guidelines recommend using a 5μm filter needle to minimize particulate contamination risk.
These particles can cause pain at the injection site, infusion phlebitis, tissue injury, necrosis, pulmonary thrombi and micro-emboli, end-organ inflammation (kidney, liver, spleen, and lungs), granuloma formation, and modulating inflammatory effects, especially in at-risk patient groups like neonates and those receiving long term intravenous drugs.,
Multiple studies have shown that filter less aspiration of drugs from glass ampules leads to, at the very least, tens and at most, hundreds of glass particulates being injected in patients. The size of the particles ranging from 2μm to 500μm.,
Filter needles [Figure 1] are not used in India's routine practice because the risk of glass contamination is often not known or often overlooked by medical practitioners. They are expensive and cumbersome to use, which leads to reluctance on the practitioner's part. Awareness on this topic is also low, leading to a callous attitude towards the contaminants' risks. The probability of misdiagnosing and misattributing the detrimental effects of particulate matter would be very high since particulate contamination is rarely if ever, considered in the differential diagnosis.
|Figure 1: (a and b) shows the filter (front and back side, respectively) and (c) shows filter syringe (filter attached to syringe) with needle|
Click here to view
Hence it is always recommended to be safer than necessary and err on the side of caution and bring into practice filtered needles for aspirating from glass ampules.
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Conflicts of interest
There are no conflicts of interest.
| References|| |
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